Simpler IoT word(s) of tomorrow, more interoperability challenges to cope today
In this chapter we review recent trends and challenges on interoperability, discuss physical versus virtual and while addressing technology interoperability challenges in parallel, discuss how, with the growing importance of data understanding and processing, semantic web and their technologies, frameworks and information models can support data interoperability in the design of the Future Internet. Internet of Things (IoT) is taken as reference example in enterprise applications and services and their importance of the economic dimension. Extensible discussed the Internet of Things (IoT) refers to things (“objects”) and the virtual representations of these objects on the Internet. IoT defines how the things will be connected through the Internet and how those things “talk” amongst other things and communicate with other systems in order to expose their capabilities and functionalities “services”. Internet of Things is not only linking connected electronic devices by using the Internet; it is also web-enabled data exchange in order to enable systems with more capacities “smartness”. In other words IoT aims for integrating the physical world with the virtual world by using the Internet as the medium to communicate and exchange information. Technically speaking IoT is mainly supported by continuous progress in wireless sensor networks software applications and by manufacturing low cost and energy efficient hardware for sensor and device communications. However, heterogeneity of underlying devices and communication technologies and interoperability in different layers, from communication and seamless integration of devices to interoperability of data generated by the IoT resources, is a challenge for expanding generic IoT solutions to a global scale. In this article we present various parallel and inter-related interoperability challenges ensuring that technologies deliver information in a seamless manner while this information is understood whatever the context and efficiently processed to deliver the potential of innovative services we are looking for. To make everything simpler in our life tomorrow in using any object, any information, anywhere we need to solve complex interoperability issues today.
National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG)
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