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Towards Automatic Activity Classification and Movement Assessment During a Sports Training Session

Authors: 

Amin Ahmadi, Edmond Mitchell, Chris Richter, Francois Destelle, Marc Gowing, Noel O'Connor, Kieran Moran

Publication Type: 
Refereed Original Article
Abstract: 
Abstract—Motion analysis technologies have been widely used to monitor the potential for injury and enhance athlete perfor- mance. However, most of these technologies are expensive, can only be used in laboratory environments and examine only a few trials of each movement action. In this paper, we present a novel ambulatory motion analysis framework using wearable inertial sensors to accurately assess all of an athlete’s activities in real training environment. We firstly present a system that automatically classifies a large range of training activities using the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) in conjunction with a Random forest classifier. The classifier is capable of successfully classifying various activities with up to 98% accuracy. Secondly, a computationally efficient gradient descent algorithm is used to estimate the relative orientations of the wearable inertial sensors mounted on the shank, thigh and pelvis of a subject, from which the flexion-extension knee and hip angles are calculated. These angles, along with sacrum impact accelerations, are automatically extracted for each stride during jogging. Finally, normative data is generated and used to determine if a subject’s movement technique differed to the normative data in order to identify potential injury related factors. For the joint angle data this is achieved using a curve-shift registration technique. It is envisaged that the proposed framework could be utilized for accurate and automatic sports activity classification and reliable movement technique evaluation in various unconstrained environments for both injury management and performance enhancement.
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.1109/JIOT.2014.2377238
Publication Status: 
Published
Date Accepted for Publication: 
Wednesday, 10 December, 2014
Publication Date: 
10/12/2014
Journal: 
IEEE Internet of Things
Research Group: 
Institution: 
Dublin City University (DCU)
Open access repository: 
Yes